Digital design

Course description

VHDL: behavioral and structural modeling
Design of digital circuits on algorithmic level and RTL (register transfer level).
Simulation methods and "Testbench".
Synthesis modeling.
Programmable PLD circuits.
Fundamentals of programmable circuits FPGA.
Complex combinatorial arithmetic circuit in VHDL: Parallel counters, multipliers.
Design of finite state automata in VHDL.
Different implementations of finite state automata considering their specific properties.

Implementation of a complex digital system in VHDL.
Asynchronous circuits: Synthesis, Implementation.
CORDIC algorithms. Microprocessor.


Course is carried out on study programme

Elektrotehnika 2. stopnja

Objectives and competences

The course objective is to familiarize students with modern procedures with design of complex digital system using programmable elements (FPGA, CPLD). The course comprises analysis and structure segment of combinatorial circuits, while the second part focuses on the analysis, description and design of synchronous digital circuits (counter, register) and finite state automata. The course gives a practical and theoretical insight into design and application of digital systems using modern tools for circuit synthesis (VHDL).

Learning and teaching methods

Course lectures provide practical and theoretical background on particular scope items together with presentation of simple practical examples. A complete study material is available to the students.
Practical work is tightly interwoven with course lectures being performed in the laboratory environment, and is accomplished in steps acquainting students with a programmable digital component (FPGA, CPLD) and corresponding instrumentation.

Intended learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, students should be able to:

‐ Analyze and structure implementations of combinatorial structures (coder/decoder, comparator) into complex structures (e.g. combinatorial sorter),

– Synthesize more complex arithmetic circuits (adder/subtractor, comparator, CLA/RC/carry skip/carry select adder, arithmetic-logic unit, parallel counter and tree multiplier)

‐ Design and evaluate data/shift/universal register and implement different memory structures FIFO, LIFO and data encrypting (LFSR)

‐ Implement synchronous/asynchronous binary/BCD/ternary/quinary counter and implement different count modules/sequences/directions,

– Synthesize more complex Moore type finite state machines (> 100 states) and execute a classical synthesis using RTL components,

‐ Synthesize an algorithmic (ASM) and finite (FSM) state machine in HDL, simulate its behavior and implement into applied programmable digital circuit (FPGA/CPLD),

‐ Synthesize an asynchronous state machine, simulate its behavior and implement into applied digital circuits

– Synthesize and implement an embedded soft-core RISC microprocessor, design and map a peripheral unit into microprocessor address space and write assembler code for it.

Reference nosilca

  1. RESNIK, Drago, KOVAČ, Janez, VRTAČNIK, Danilo, GODEC, Matjaž, PEČAR, Borut, MOŽEK, Matej. Microstructural and electrical properties of heat treated resistive Ti/Pt thin layers. Thin solid films, ISSN 0040-6090. [Print ed.], 2017, vol. 639, pp. 64-72
  2. PEČAR, Borut, VRTAČNIK, Danilo, RESNIK, Drago, MOŽEK, Matej, DOLŽAN, Tine, BRAJKOVIČ, Robert, KRIŽAJ, Dejan. Micropump operation at various driving signals : numerical simulation and experimental verification. Microsystem technologies, ISSN 0946-7076, Jul. 2015, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1379-1384
  3. RESNIK, Drago, MOŽEK, Matej, PEČAR, Borut, DOLŽAN, Tine, JANEŽ, Andrej, URBANČIČ-ROVAN, Vilma, VRTAČNIK, Danilo. Characterization of skin penetration efficacy by Au-coated Si microneedle array electrode. Sensors and actuators. A, Physical, ISSN 0924-4247, 1 Aug. 2015, vol. 232, pp. 299-309
  4. DOLŽAN, Tine, PEČAR, Borut, MOŽEK, Matej, RESNIK, Drago, VRTAČNIK, Danilo. Self-priming bubble tolerant microcylinder pump. Sensors and actuators. A, Physical, ISSN 0924-4247, 2015, vol. 233, pp. 548-556
  5. MOŽEK, Matej, VRTAČNIK, Danilo, RESNIK, Drago, PEČAR, Borut, AMON, Slavko. Adaptive calibration and quality control of smart sensors. V: IVANOV, Ognyan (ur.). Applications and experiences of qulity control. Rijeka: Intech, cop. 2011, pp. 645-662

Study materials

  1. Brown, Stephen D. Vranesic, Zvonko G. "Fundamentals of digital logic with VHDL design", 2005 McGraw-Hill, ISBN 007-246085-7  
  2. Katz, Randy H., Borriello, Gaetano "Contemporary logic design", 2005,
    Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-201-30857-6        
  3. Mano, M. Morris, Kime, Charles R. "Logic and computer design fundamentals", 2008 Upper Saddle River : Pearson Prentice Hall, 978-0-13-206711-9     
  4. Parhami, Behrooz "Computer architecture : from microprocessors to supercomputers", 2005, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-515455-X    
  5. Branko Šter, Ljubo Pipan: Digitalne strukture, Zapiski predavanj, 2008        
  6. Domača stran predmeta / Course homepage:

Bodi na tekočem

Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za elektrotehniko, Tržaška cesta 25, 1000 Ljubljana

E: T:  01 4768 411