Nanoelectronics

Course description

Definition of nanoelectronics and nanotechnology. An outlook of nanoscience. Classical and quantum particles and waves. Free and confined electrons. Coulomb blockade. Quantum dots, quantum wells and quantum wires. Tunneling, tunnel junctions and applications of tunneling. The top-down approach. The bottom-up approach. Device scaling and nonideal effects. Electronic devices based on quantum heterostructures and superlattices. Single-electron transistor. Growth, fabrication, and measurement techniques for nanostructures. Manipulation and assembly. Self-assembly. Molecular nanoelectronics. Computer architectures based on molecular electronics. Switches and complex molecular devices. Nanoelectronic circuit architectures. Electromagnetic, optical and electronic properties of nanostructures. Transport properties of semiconductor nanostructures. Ballistic transport. Nanomagnetics and spintronics. Nanophotonics. Polymer electronics. Organic active and passive devices and circuits. Carbon nanotubes and nanowires. Structure and properties of carbon nanotubes. Electronic, optoelectronic, magnetic, chemical and thermoelectrical properties of carbon nanotubes. Electronic devices and circuits based on nanotubes. Chemical and biological nanosensors. Nano- and micromachines. Modeling and simulation of quantum- and nanosystems.

Course is carried out on study programme

Objectives and competences

The aim of the course is to upgrade definitions and concepts and to introduce students with research trends in the field of nanoelectronics and to survey characteristics of already investigated structures, devices and systems.

Gained knowledge will enable students easier involvement in broad interdisciplinary field of nanoelectronics and nanotechnology.

Learning and teaching methods

The lectures provide a theoretical background on particular subjets.

Intended learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, students should be able to:

– define nanoelectronics as a new developing area of electronics,

– clarify lithography as a top-down approach and the limitations it presents in the further miniaturization of electronic elements,

– compare classical and quantum systems,

– describe the classical, semiclassical and ballistic transport of electrons in nanostructures,

– use the quantum mechanics postulates to construct models of semiconductor quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots,

– explain tunnel junctions and applications of tunneling,

– describe the electronic and optical properties of carbon nanotubes and the possibility of producing semiconductor devices based on carbon nanotubes,

– explain the Coulomb blockade and the operation of a single-electron transistor,

– explain transport of spin and spintronic devices,

– describe the cubit, the quantum logic gate, and the quantum computers.

Reference nosilca

1. Seif JP, Descoeudres A, Filipič M, Smole F, Topič M, Holman ZC, De Wolf S, Ballif C (2014) Amorphous silicon oxide window layers for high-efficiency silicon heterojunction solar cells. Journal of applied physics 115:1-8

2. Filipič M, Holman Z, Smole F, De Wolf S, Ballif C, Topič M (2013) Analysis of lateral transport through the inversion layer in amorphous silicon/crystalline silicon heterojunction solar cells. Journal of applied physics 114:1-7

3. Holman Z, Filipič M, Lipovšek B, De Wolf S, Smole F, Topič M, Ballif C (2014) Parasitic absorption in the rear reflector of a silicon solar cell: simulation and measurement of the sub-bandgap reflectance for common dielectric/metal reflectors. Solar energy materials and solar cells 120, part A:426-430

4. Filipič M, Berginc M, Smole F, Topič M (2012) Analysis of electron recombination in dye-sensitized solar cell. Current applied physics 12, no. 1:238-246

5. Nerat M, Smole F, Topič M (2011) A simulation study of the effect of the diverse valence-band offset and the electronic activity at the grain boundaries on the performance of polycrystalline Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells. Thin Solid Films 519, no. 21:7497-7502

Study materials

1.  William A. Goddard, Donald W. Brenner, Sergey Edward Lyshevski, Gerald J. Iafrate,
     Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, CRC Press LLC, 2012.

2.  Paul Harrison, Quantum Wells, Wires and Dots, Theoretical and Computational Physics of
     Semiconductor Nanostructures, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2009.

3.  Edward L. Wolf, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2008.

4.  M. Meyyappan, Carbon Nanotubes, Science and Applications, CRC Press LLC, 2005.

5.  George W. Hanson, Fundamentals of  Nanoelectronics, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008.

Bodi na tekočem

Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za elektrotehniko, Tržaška cesta 25, 1000 Ljubljana

E:  dekanat@fe.uni-lj.si T:  01 4768 411