Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I

Higher education teachers: , Humar Iztok
Collaborators: Penič Samo
Credits: 9
Semester: winter
Subject code: 64603

Subject description


  • Enrollment into the study year

Content (Syllabus outline):

  • Electric charge, current and voltage. Conservation of charge, continuity equation. Kirchhoff’s current law. Kirchhoff’s voltage law. Resistor. Non-linear resistor. Temperature dependence of resistors. Voltage-current characteristics. Current and voltage sources. DC electric circuits. Circuit analysis and theorems.
  • Charge distributions. Electric field. Coulomb’s law of electric force. Electric field strength. Gauss law of electric field. Work of electric force, electric potential energy. Electric potential. Voltage. Electric dipole. Conductor and electric field. Image theory. Dielectric material and electric field. Polarization. Electric flux, Electric flux density. Dielectric permittivity. Boundary conditions of electric field. Dielectric breakdown. Capacitance. Capacitor. Partial capacitances. Electric field energy. Electric force and torque. Capacitor circuits.
  • Current field. Electric current density. Electric and current field duality. Ohm’s law. Joule’s law. Specific electric conductivity. Boundary conditions of current field. Resistance and conductance. Grounding resistance.

Objectives and competences:

To acquire fundamental knowledge on electrostatic field, current field and DC electric circuits. The acquired knowledge serves as a basis for further electrotechnical studies.

Intended learning outcomes:

Understand the laws of electrostatic and current field and basic analysis of DC circuits.

Learning and teaching methods:

  1. Lectures
  2. Exercises,
  3. Laboratory work (practicum)
  4. Homeworks and seminars.
  5. IT assisted teaching (video, animations, web materials, simulation examples, …)

Study materials


  1. Duffin W. J.: Electricity and magnetism, McGraw-Hill, London, 1990.
  2. Halliday D, Resnick R., Walker J., Fundamentals of Physics, Wiley, 1997.
  3. Popović D. B.: Osnovi elektrotehnike 1 in 2, Građevanska knjiga, Beograd, 1986.
  4. Purcell E. M.: Electricity and magnetism, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965.
  5. Albach M.: Grundlagen der Electrotechnik, Pearson Studium, Muenchen, 2005.

Study in which the course is carried out

  • 1 year - 1st cycle - Applied Electrical Engineering