Interactions between genotypes and environment inthe agricultural plants

Subject description

The adaptability of genetic responses of plants on the agro technical measures and other environmental conditions. The role of generative or vegetative propagation of plants in the evolutionary adaptations. Genetic polymorphism and the impact of genetic structure of varieties on biodiversity. Abiotic influences that have led to evolutionary adaptations of plants and the effects of natural and induced radiation. Differences in adaptation at different plant species that are connected with agricultural practices.

Defense and adaptation of plants to abiotic factors that determine the synthesis of flavonoids, tannins and other substances that protect plants and their importance in the nutrition.

Study the reactions of plants to different production technology as the base of quality assurance of the products. Allocation of assimilates as part of the growth and development balancing of agricultural plants. The importance of the interaction genotype × pathogen in co-evolution and adaptation of cultivated and other plants. Evolutionary adaptation to pollinators.

The role of co-evolution and interaction in selection of new varieties. Genetic structure of different types of varieties, their stability and the maintenance of genetic identity, principles and methods of molecular markers as an aid in targeted varietal selection of new varieties for specific purposes.

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

To acquaint students with the interactions between genetic and environmental factors in the education of new genotypes with specific properties and for specific growing conditions (drought / temperature stress …). To teach students to identify and analyze the impacts on the growth and development of agricultural plants as well as on the different types of varieties. To acquaint students with the recent literature on this subject. To provide students with current knowledge in the field of co-evolution and evolutionary adaptations of plants.

Teaching and learning methods

Studies in this course will be organized with lectures, consultations, and seminar work.

Expected study results

Knowledge and understanding:

Teach students how to recognize and analyze genetic and ecological impacts on the growth and development of genotypes and independent raising of new crop varieties with specific properties in conjunction with molecular analyzes.

Basic sources and literature

Graham L.E., Graham J.M., Wilcox L.W. 2022. Plant Biology, Edition: 3rd, LJLM Press, ISBN 978-0-9863935-0-1, str. 10-130, 190-290, 400-475, 522-571.

Acquaah G. 2020. Principles of plant genetics and breeding, Edition: 3rd. Wiley-Blackwell Publ., ISBN: 978-1-119-62632-9, 848 s.


Revijalni članki s področja, tekoča periodika, druga učna gradiva

Magazine articles from the field, current periodicals, other teaching materials

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