Selected chapters from the theory of design

Subject description

Theory as interpretation, as a normative base for design and as a written companion of arts in historical chronology. Nature of design theory and its justification in the practice of landscape architecture. Conceptual categories in the theory of landscape form. Ontological and epistemological perspective. Formal elements.

Object of theory: landscape as an artifact. Theory of landscape design and landscape design in the context of other design professions, especially architecture and design. Exposing commonalities and differences.

Analysis of contemporary movements and trends, comparison to the past repertoire and problematisation of the lack of the theoretical thought.

Landscape as an artifact as an object of art historical studies and an object of a critique.

Landscape architecture as one of the fields of Arts, such as painting, design, architecture….

Definition of art critique. Basic concepts of art critique, overview of the tradition of the critical thought, the critique of architecture, aspects of the critique. Specifics of the critique in landscape architecture. Diferences between the critique, art-history and theory.

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

– to make students comprehend the role and ways of generationg landscape form in the process of landscape design.

– to obtain knowledge about concepts and theories of landscape design and about critique

-to be able to determine the hierarchy of and to reflect on (problems, process, objectives, results)

To be able to develop visons and think the ways of their for implementation.

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures, group discussions, case studies,

individual seminar work with consultation

presentation and discussion of the final paper

(a  critique)..

Expected study results

Knowledge and understanding:

of processes and trends of design in landscape architecture

of methods and approaches to design,

of form generation out of function, context, historical threads and (symbolic) meaning

of methods of argumentation, contextualization and understanding of formal expressions


Application:  Reflection and evaluation of design process in landscape architecture


Reflection: meaningful reading of formal language


Transferable skills: complex thinking and developed ability to critically reflect one’s own work and the works of the others

Knowledge and understanding:

Understanding designed landscape as an artefact; knowledge of theoretical bases of landscape design, of approaches in architectural critique and evaluation of a landscape artefact as a work of art.



in development of the theory of critique, in critical writing for professional and lay public, raising awareness of the meaning of a designed landscape in both


Reflection: the importance of professional knowledge in value systems in evaluation of a landscape artefact as a work of art, within professional and within broader cultural and social aspects.


Transferable skills: understanding of the design process and of the artefacts as the result of this process; conceptualization of design problem in landscape architecture and alternatives in landscape design

Basic sources and literature

ARNHEIM, R., 19969. Visual Thinking. 344 s. Uiversity of California Press, London

BACHELARD, G., 1964. La poetique de l'espace. Paris 1958 (angl. prevod: The Poetics of Space 241 s. Beacon Press, Boston)

BANHAM, R., 1960. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, Praeger Publishers, Connecticut

BORDEN, I., RENDELL, J., 2000. Intersections: architectural histories and critical theories, Routledge, London-New York

BUTINA, M., 1982. Elementi likovne prakse. 334 s. MK, Ljubljana

DONDIS, A. D., 1973. A Primer of Visual Literacy. 194 s. MIT Cambridge,USA.

HAYS, M. K., 1998. Architecture Theory since 1968, MIT Press, Cambridge

MALLGRAVE, H. F., 2005. Modern Architectural Theory: A Historical Survey, 1673-1969, Cambridge University Press

OCKMAN, J., ed. 1985.  Architecture criticism ideology, Princeton architectural press, Princeton

TAFURI, M., 1981. Theories and History of Architecture, Icon, Harpe, New York


revijalni članki s področja, tekoča periodika, druga učna gradiva

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