Water as a natural resource for agriculture

Subject description

Water as a natural resource important for agriculture. Legislative framework of water and agriculture connection.  Water for food and ecosystems. Water as a restriction factor for agriculture – too much or to less water.  Appropriate soil water status for plant production. Water retention areas and agriculture.  Drainage and irrigation. Dependency of world and Slovene plant production on irrigation. Irrigation of non agricultural land. Different irrigation technologies and their impact on the environment. Decision support systems for irrigation. Water quality for the use in agriculture. Water resources for irrigation (surface waters, groundwater, and treated waste water) Water harvesting. Water reservoirs. Measurements for water use reduction in plant production. Mechanisms of pollutants transfer to surface and ground waters. Mechanisms of pollution prevention and mechanisms of agriculture pollutants reduction. Computer models dealing with agriculture and water quality. Water protection zones and agriculture. Holistic approach to water management in agricultural environment.   

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

To realize a meaning of water in and for agriculture and the impact of agriculture to water quality and quantity inclusively all important processes and paths of pollutant transport from agriculture to water media.

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures or consultation and project work or seminars.

Expected study results

Knowledge and understanding:

students get knowledge about water as a natural resource important for agriculture. Agriculture activities impact water quality and quantity status. Students get knowledge on measurements to diminish the negative impact of agriculture to water environment and for sustainable management of water in agriculture.

Basic sources and literature

  • Chin, D. A. 2006. Water-quality engineering in natural systems. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey. 609. s, ISBN -13: 978-0-471-71830-7. Chapter 1, Chapter 6, Chapter 9.
  • Lazarova, V., Bahri A. 2005. Water Reuse for Irrigation. CRC Press, Boca Raton. 408 s.; ISBN 1-56670-649-1. Chapter 1-9.
  • Molden D., 2007. Water for Food, Water for Life. Earthscan, London. 645 s., ISBN: 978-1-84407-396-2. Chapter 3 in 4.:
  • Revijalni članki s področja, tekoča periodika, druga učna gradiva, ipd.

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