Subject description

Definition of nanoelectronics and nanotechnology. An outlook of nanoscience. Classical and quantum particles and waves. Free and confined electrons. Coulomb blockade. Quantum dots, quantum wells and quantum wires. Tunneling, tunnel junctions and applications of tunneling. The top-down approach. The bottom-up approach. Device scaling and nonideal effects. Electronic devices based on quantum heterostructures and superlattices. Single-electron transistor. Growth, fabrication, and measurement techniques for nanostructures. Manipulation and assembly. Self-assembly. Molecular nanoelectronics. Computer architectures based on molecular electronics. Switches and complex molecular devices. Nanoelectronic circuit architectures. Electromagnetic, optical and electronic properties of nanostructures. Transport properties of semiconductor nanostructures. Ballistic transport. Nanomagnetics and spintronics. Nanophotonics. Polymer electronics. Organic active and passive devices and circuits. Carbon nanotubes and nanowires. Structure and properties of carbon nanotubes. Electronic, optoelectronic, magnetic, chemical and thermoelectrical properties of carbon nanotubes. Electronic devices and circuits based on nanotubes. Chemical and biological nanosensors. Nano- and micromachines. Modeling and simulation of quantum- and nanosystems.

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

The aim of the course is to upgrade definitions and concepts and to introduce students with research trends in the field of nanoelectronics and to survey characteristics of already investigated structures, devices and systems.

Gained knowledge will enable students easier involvement in broad interdisciplinary field of nanoelectronics and nanotechnology.

Teaching and learning methods

The lectures provide a theoretical background on particular subjets.

Expected study results

After successful completion of the course, students should be able to:

– define nanoelectronics as a new developing area of electronics,

– clarify lithography as a top-down approach and the limitations it presents in the further miniaturization of electronic elements,

– compare classical and quantum systems,

– describe the classical, semiclassical and ballistic transport of electrons in nanostructures,

– use the quantum mechanics postulates to construct models of semiconductor quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots,

– explain tunnel junctions and applications of tunneling,

– describe the electronic and optical properties of carbon nanotubes and the possibility of producing semiconductor devices based on carbon nanotubes,

– explain the Coulomb blockade and the operation of a single-electron transistor,

– explain transport of spin and spintronic devices,

– describe the cubit, the quantum logic gate, and the quantum computers.

Basic sources and literature

1.  William A. Goddard, Donald W. Brenner, Sergey Edward Lyshevski, Gerald J. Iafrate,
     Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, CRC Press LLC, 2012.

2.  Paul Harrison, Quantum Wells, Wires and Dots, Theoretical and Computational Physics of
     Semiconductor Nanostructures, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2009.

3.  Edward L. Wolf, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2008.

4.  M. Meyyappan, Carbon Nanotubes, Science and Applications, CRC Press LLC, 2005.

5.  George W. Hanson, Fundamentals of  Nanoelectronics, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008.

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