Atomics and optics

Subject description

Experimental basis and principles of the theory of  electromagnetism, modelling of  electric current in metals and electrolytes, physical models  of diamagnetism,  paramagnetism and  ferromagnetism, Poisson equation, Poisson-Boltzmann equation  and electric double layer,  dielectric properties of  solids and liquids electromagnetic waves and wave optics, frequency dependent refractive index,  total  internal  reflection and optical fibres,  photometry, geometrical optics, special  theory of relativity and particle interactions,  photoelectric effect , black-body radiation, the nature of  X-rays and some of  their applications, Bohr  model  and   line atomic  emission spectra,  experimental basis,  principles  and basic  equations  of  quantum mechanics , some simple examples  described  by using the methods of quantum mechanics, energy band structure   in insulators,  conductors and  semiconductors.

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

The acquired knowledge will enable the students to understand the electrical  and magnetic  properties of  the materials important in electrical engineering.  The  students will   acquire a general education in technical and natural sciences and   gain better understanding of  theoretical and experimental methods in  natural and technical sciences.

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures, tutorials, demonstrative experiments during lectures  and  lectures of  visiting professors from abroad.

Expected study results

Basic knowledge of electrical properties of materials which are important in electrical engineering.  The application of the acquired knowledge in the fields of  optics and  atomics  in different fields of  electrotechnics.


Successful completion of  the course will provide the students with:

– education in fundamental  atomics  and optics, preparing  them for a future as problem solvers or researchers in industry and in research institutes

– a good basic education in atomics  and optics  suitable for a career in high-technology industry.


After completion of  the course the  students should be also  able to/of:

-use  the basic  theoretical tools of  atomics  and optics   that are needed for the more specialised courses in electrical engineering,
-application of   the basic laws of  atomics  and optics  to  solve  the general problems  in electrical engineering,

– solve practical problems in engineering , which prepare  the students for independent  research and development  work  in  reserach institutes and  in the industry ,

– solve complex  interdisciplinary engineering  problems,  requiring a  knowledge and understanding  of   atomics  and optics, as well as experience with analytical tools from the field of physics.

Basic sources and literature

1.Raymond A. Serway: Physics (international edition), Sounders Golden Sunburst Series (vsakokratna nova izdaja)

2.A. Iglič: Električne lastnosti snovi,  Fakulteta za elektrotehniko, Založba FE in FRI, vsakokratna nova izdaja

se nahaja tudi na: J. Strnad: Fizika 2. del: Elektrika, optika, DMFA   (najnovejša izdaja)

4. J. Strnad: Fizika 3. del: Posebna teorija relativnosti, kvantna fizika, atomi  (najnovejša izdaja)

5. T. Gyergyek, V. Kralj-Iglič, A. Iglič, M. Fošnarič: Vaje iz fizike II, Založba FE in FRI, vsakokratna nova izdaja

se nahaja na:

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University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Tržaška cesta 25, 1000 Ljubljana

E: T:  01 4768 411