Studio Equipment and Recording Techniques

Subject description

The course presents visual perception and creation of moving images, architecture and planning of TV studios, block diagrams and planning of studio equipment including reporting vehicles, as well as various functions and distribution of work in multi-camera television production. Students get an insight into the process of preparing for the recording and the preparation of the necessary documents. It is also important to consider various standards, methods of connection and management of video signals, planning the layout of the equipment and creating a block diagram that includes all the necessary equipment and connections. The main focus of the subject is on modern hybrid systems and AV transmission via IP infrastructure. During the course, they learn about different camera systems, lighting planning options, sound capture and processing methods, including room acoustics and the detailed operation of video, audio and lighting mixing consoles. As part of the practical work, students first get to know individual segments and equipment, then focus on recording in the field and finish with a live transmission of studio show.  

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

The objective of the course is to familiarize students with the structure, operation, possibilities and limitations of devices in audio-video production. The course deals with the basic characteristics of devices in AV production and the theory of recording techniques. Students get acquainted with various types of AV production, procedures and configuration of studio technology and TV studios. Through the understanding of the basics of acoustics, they also learn the basics of sound for video. Theoretical knowledge is complemented by the hands-on approach to these topics in laboratory exercises, where students learn about the practical application of studio technology and recording approaches. 

Teaching and learning methods

  • lectures 
  • practical demonstration with the equipment 
  • work in pairs and groups with equipment 
  • field work 

Expected study results

After successful completion of the course students should be able to: 

  • Present the functioning of studio and recording equipment from the audio-visual content capture point of view and regarding the connectivity 
  • Design and perform live broadcasting of audio-video signals by mixing multiple sources 
  • Plan and implement adequate audio and video capture and storage 
  • Explain the basics of room acoustics 
  • Plan appropriate lighting and light management 
  • Plan the setup of studio equipment for various purposes 

Basic sources and literature

  1. K. Pečnik, Ž. Juvan, in M. Pogačnik, „Multimedijski sistemi: učbenik“, 1. izd. Ljubljana: Založba FE, 2023 

  2. A. Nisbett, „The sound studio: audio techniques for radio, television, film and recording“, 7th ed. New York; London: Focal, 2013 

  3. M. Robin in M. Poulin, „Digital television fundamentals: design and installation of video and audio systems“, 2nd ed. New York [etc.]: McGraw-Hill, 2000 

  4. F. Žižek in I. Košir, „Kako narediti televizijsko oddajo“ “,. Ljubljana: RTV Slovenija, Izobraževalni center RTV; Akademija za gledališče, radio, film in televizijo, Oddelek za filmsko in televizijsko režijo, 2003 

  5. E. P. J. Tozer (ed), „Broadcast engineer’s reference book“,. Burlington: Routledge, 2004. 

  6. J. Whitaker in B. Benson, „Standard Handbook of Video and Television Engineering“, McGraw-Hill, 2008 

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