Control Technology Instrumentation

Subject description

The course covers measurement systems, controllers, and most commonly used actuators in the following areas: process industry, manufacturing industry and robotics, and some special cases of material analytic systems for product quality monitoring. The covered systems regarding the area are:

Process industry:

     measurement systems (level, flow, temperature, pressure),


     actuators (continuous and discrete motors, valves, pumps, compressors).

Manufacturing industry and robotics:

     measurement systems (proximity, distance, position, path, speed, acceleration, force, torque, vision),


     actuators (continuous and discrete motors).

Communication systems:

     analogue communication,

     digital communication.

Special measurement systems:

     matter properties (humidity, thermal conductivity, viscosity, density),

     analytical measurements.

Main stress will be given to parameterisation of instrumentation and its implementation in the control and supervisory systems. The instrumentation is put in the context of theoretical analysis of control systems.

The subject is taught in programs

Objectives and competences

The course is intended to show the student a mental leap required to put results of theoretical analysis of control systems into practical implementation. The course provides students insights into fundamental instrumentation in control systems practice and their implementation from engineer's (user/maintainer/control system designer) point of view. The acquired knowledge is fundamental for governing the industrial control systems and their instrumentation.

Teaching and learning methods

The lectures present students with verbal and graphical (schemes and videos) descriptions of theoretical and practical aspects of control instrumentation and their applications. During seminar the students must show their knowledge of control systems on a practical system. They also prepare a written report of the work performed. The theme of the seminar is chosen to illustrate a specific case from the course curriculum. Laboratory exercises are intended to expose the students to the real pilot plant systems. Excursions to industrial and semi-industrial plants are also organized.

Expected study results

After successful completion of the course, students should be able to:

– describe basic control principles,

– discern the most common control instrumentation,

– explain the operation principles for the most commonly used measurement systems, controllers and actuators,

– describe the communication principles in control systems,

– measure the static and dynamic properties  of control instrumentation,

– application of the results of theoretical analysis in real control systems.

Basic sources and literature

  1. A. Belič: Gradniki in tehnologije v sistemih vodenja. Založba FE in FRI, Ljubljana, 2012.
  2. R. Karba: Gradniki sistemov vodenja, Založba FE in FRI, Ljubljana, 1994.
  3. J. Kocijan, J. Petrovčič: Praktični vidiki uporabe gradnikov v sistemih vodenja, Založba FE in FRI, Ljubljana, 2002 .
  4. C. W. de Silva: Sensors and actuators: control systems instrumentation, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 2007.
  5. S. Strmčnik in soavtorji: Celostni pristop k računalniškem vodenju procesov, Založba FE in FRI, Ljubljana, 1998.

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